Vronika Tsibenko, Сircassian ethnic mobilization as a factor of contemporary russian-turkish relations // VII. ULUDAĞ CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS -IN SEARCH OF A NEW ORDER IN INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM-(21-22 OCTOBER 2015 Bursa /Türkiye), 2016. P. 440-458
Almost two hundred years the Circassian question has been playing a significant role in Russian-Turkish relations. It gained a great importance in the international policy since the Western Caucasus had become de jure a part of the Russian Empire in the first third of the 19th century.